024-3132-0665

托福聽力筆記:歷史講座哪些考點是高頻?

作者:沈陽新航道 2020-04-24 16:41
收藏

托福聽力中的講座類話題中,歷史話題的出現幾率是比較高的,而歷史類話題平時關注的同學較少。因此很多同學面對歷史話題都會覺得有些理解上的困難,甚至可能會影響到解題。下面小編就來詳細分析托福聽力講座類歷史話題的常見考點和出題思路,并通過經典案例做深度剖析。


托福聽力講座類歷史話題考點概述


歷史類場景往往和其他分支學科產生聯系,具體可以從以下幾個方面來考察:


1. 國家政權或制度體制:如農業的產生,古埃及的女法老等。


2. 文化方面:如茶文化歷史,戲劇的起源,考古方面等。


3. 著名歷史人物:如愛默生,意大利畫家等。


4. 其他話題:歷史容易和其他學科產生交叉,如考古和藝術。


歷史類的話題有一個很大的特點,就是專業詞匯較多。很多考生有這樣一種感覺,就是好像聽明白了一些,但一考到細節題就不知所措。也就是說,歷史類話題可能出現較多的專業詞匯和細節,考生需謹慎。下面我們就幾個例子來仔細體會一下。


托福聽力講座類歷史話題案例分析


下面是一個歷史話題的經典案例:


聽力原文:


Well, their astronomers had discovered that at a certain time of year the brightest star, Sirius, would disappear. Actually, it’d be hidden in the glare of the Sun. Even more significantly, the reappearance of Sirius would occur around the same time as the Nile’s flooding. And this annual event is called a heliacal rising. The heliacal rising was a fair indicator of when the Nile would flood. The next new moon, after the heliacal rising of Sirius, which happened in the last month of the calendar year, marked the New Year.


Why was the helical rising if Sirius important to the Egyptians?


Click on 2 answers.


A. It helped determine the beginning of the New Year.


B. It was used to calculate the length of the month.


C. It marked the beginning of harvest time.


D. It indicated when the Nile would flood.


分析:


此處考的是埃及的歷法。在這個節選原文中包含了Sirius(天狼星),heliacal rising(偕日升)等概念,比較難以理解,需要考生有較快的反應速度。不少學員在遇到這類話題時會懷有抵觸心態,大呼這種難度跟閱讀都差不多了。誠然專業度高理解困難,考生應該認識到一點:ETS的考察宗旨還是不變的——檢驗考生的瞬時理解能力和知識儲備的快速激活。在此,要做對這道雙選題,要留心粗體信號詞;還可以將辨音中聽不懂的陌生詞轉化成抽象符號,搞清楚其作用即可??梢钥闯?,Nile和New Year是關鍵詞,故輕松選出AD。


下面再看一個例子:


聽力原文:


Now for the taste... Now, this is a good point to mention one of the biggest myths about spices. It’s commonly said that medieval Europeans wanted spices to cover up the taste of spoiled meat. But this isn’t really true. Anyone who had to worry about spoiled meat couldn’t afford spices in the first place. If you could afford spices, you could definitely afford fresh meat. We also have evidence that various medieval markets employed a kind of police to make sure that people did not sell spoiled food, and if you were caught doing it, you were subject to various fines, humiliating public punishments. So what actually was true was this: In order to have meat for the winter, people would preserve it in salt, not a spice. Spices actually aren’t very effective as preservatives.


What two factors explain why medieval Europeans did not use spices to cover the taste of spoiled meat?


Click on 2 answers.


A. Fresh meat was less expensive than spices were.


B. Spices were mainly used in incense and perfume.


C. The sale of spoiled food was prohibited.


D. Salt was cheaper than most spices were.


分析:


這里考察的是香料在歷史上的角色。背景知識:香料在中世紀的歐洲是非常名貴的東西,只有貴族皇族才能享用得到。原因諸多,運輸昂貴是其中之一??忌舨皇煜pice這個單詞,可以根據上下文猜測,此處很容易猜出。


在這里想強調一下myth的含義。大多數考生對這個詞的理解都存在誤區。實際上這個詞只要考到,一般取“誤解”這一含義,而非神話等義。在這里是說,人們用香料腌制壞掉的食物這種理解是錯誤的,因為人們有錢買香料就有錢買鮮肉,前者的理解本身就有矛盾。同時注意also這個重要并列詞,后面引出第二個原因,所以選AC。


托福聽力講座類歷史話題考點追蹤


從上面這個例子可以看出歷史話題具有以下特點:


1. 細節偏多:可能沒有信號詞引領,聽時要聚精會神。


2. 信號詞:信號詞的形式多種多樣,可能是單獨的詞組,也有可能是融匯在句子當中,要及時做好筆記。


3. 陌生概念:可先記下首字母,上下文一般會有定義解釋或同義詞。也可以注意計算機屏幕的提示詞是否為這個詞。


關于托福聽力講座類歷史話題的考點和出題思路小編就為大家分析介紹到這里,希望以上內容可以幫助各位考生更好地解答歷史類題目拿到聽力高分。


  • 品牌簡介
  • 師資團隊
  • 課程中心
  • 精品項目
  • 在線測試
  • 校區地圖
熱門活動

注冊/登錄

+86
獲取驗證碼

登錄

+86

收不到驗證碼?

知道了

找回密碼

+86
獲取驗證碼
下一步

重新設置密碼

為您的賬號設置一個新密碼

保存新密碼

密碼重置成功

請妥善保存您的密碼
立即登錄

為了確保您的帳號安全

請勿將帳號信息提供給他人/機構

狠狠综合久久综合88亚洲_久久综合亚洲色综合_亚洲伊人色欲综合网